It is important to consult a doctor immediately if your back hurts. There are many treatments for back pain available. Some relief may be provided by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and over-the counter pain relievers. Another option is physical therapy. It can help strengthen the muscles supporting your spine and improve your flexibility. It can help prevent further injuries. Massage therapy can also help restore function.
While many common types of back pain can be treated with nonsurgical treatments, some conditions require surgery. If your back pain is severe, such as from spinal stenosis and tumors in the spine canal, surgery is usually necessary. However, for most cases, nonsurgical treatments are sufficient.
A physical exam will help determine the cause of your back pain. A possible infection in your back could be causing your pain and accompanying fever and chills. Spinal infections are more common in people who have recently had skin infections, IV drug users, or those who have undergone dialysis. Infections of your spine can be caused by bacteria. You should see a doctor immediately if you have any of these symptoms.
The most common causes of back pain are injuries to the muscles, discs, or joints of the spine. These injuries may be minor or can result from an accident or impact in sports. Your doctor will eventually diagnose the exact cause of pain by performing a series tests. A doctor will then determine a treatment plan that is best suited for you.
Most people experience mild or moderate back pain, but severe back pain can be a constant, debilitating pain. Most doctors categorize back pain as either acute, subacute, or chronic. Acute pain lasts for a few days. The second type, subacute lasts for about a week and can range from mildly severe to severe.
Lifestyle changes are also possible to reduce the likelihood of back problems. Avoid sitting for prolonged periods of time. Make sure you have a pillow or a rolled up towel for your back while you are seated. You can also elevate your feet with a low stool, stack of books, or if you are seated all day. Sleeping on your back can open up your spine joints and reduce curvature.
A lower back pain that isn’t normal may indicate an infection or underlying medical condition. Treatment options vary greatly depending on the cause of the pain. A quick diagnosis will help you get the most effective treatment. If the pain is accompanied by fever, loss of leg strength, or difficulty urinating, medical attention should be sought.
Your doctor may perform surgery to relieve the pain if the disc is the cause. The choice is between minimally-invasive or more extensive decompression procedures by neurosurgeons. These procedures can involve the fusion of vertebrae with bone grafts and instrumentation. Physical therapy may be necessary after surgery to aid your body’s healing.
Pain medication is another option for back pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) are a way to reduce back pain and relax tight muscles. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs), which reduce inflammation, do not have side effects like cortisone. A doctor may recommend that you have an MRI done if you have a slipped disk. This will allow your doctor to pinpoint the location of the disc.
AS starts with inflammation of your sacroiliac joints. These connect your spine to the pelvis. This inflammation causes pain in your low back. In severe cases, prolonged sleep can make the symptoms worse. AS symptoms usually improve with activity. AS can be successfully treated in most cases.
Doctors may recommend acupuncture in addition to spinal manipulation. These treatments target trigger points that cause back discomfort. In some cases, acupuncture might trigger the release of endorphins. These treatments provide temporary relief but are not recommended to be used for long-term. Many people who use them report significant improvements in their back pain.