It is important that you see a doctor if your back hurts. There are many options for back pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can provide some relief. Physical therapy is another option for treatment. It can help strengthen the muscles supporting your spine and improve your flexibility. It can also prevent future injuries. Massage therapy can also aid in restoring function.
While many common types of back pain can be treated with nonsurgical treatments, some conditions require surgery. Surgical treatment is typically necessary if your back pain is caused by a serious condition, such as spinal stenosis or tumors in the spinal canal. In most cases, however nonsurgical treatments will suffice.
A physical exam can help determine what type of back pain you’re experiencing. A back infection is possible if your pain is accompanied with fever and chills. People who undergo dialysis, IV drug users, and those with recent skin infections are at a higher risk of developing spinal infections. Infections of spine are usually caused by bacteria. You should see a doctor immediately if you have any of these symptoms.
Back pain is most commonly caused by injuries to the muscles and discs or the joints of your spine. These injuries can be minor, or result from an impact in sports or a car accident. Ultimately, your doctor will diagnose the exact cause of your pain through a series of tests. The doctor will then devise a treatment plan that is most effective for you.
Most people experience moderate to severe back pain. However, it is common for mild or moderate back pain to become chronic and debilitating. Most doctors categorize back pain as either acute, subacute, or chronic. The first, acute, lasts only a few hours. The second type, subacute, lasts a week or two and can range from mild to severe.
Lifestyle changes can help reduce your risk of developing back pain. Avoid sitting for prolonged periods of time. Use a pillow or a rolled-up towel when you are sitting. If you’re sitting all day, you should also keep your feet elevated by a low stool or stack of books. Sleeping on your back can open up your spine joints and reduce curvature.
Low back pain may indicate an infection. Treatment options vary greatly depending on the cause of the pain. The best treatment is possible with a quick diagnosis. Medical attention should be sought if the pain is accompanied with fever, loss in leg strength, or difficulty urinating.
Your doctor might perform surgery to relieve your pain if it is caused by a disc. You can choose to have your neurosurgeon perform a more complicated decompression procedure or use minimally invasive techniques. These procedures can involve the fusion of vertebrae with bone grafts and instrumentation. Physical therapy may be necessary after surgery to aid your body’s healing.
Other treatments for back pain include pain medication. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) are a way to reduce back pain and relax tight muscles. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce inflammation without producing side effects like cortisone. A doctor may recommend that you have an MRI done if you have a slipped disk. This will allow your doctor to pinpoint the location of the disc.
AS starts with inflammation of your sacroiliac joints. These connect your spine to the pelvis. This inflammation can cause pain in your lower back. In severe cases, prolonged rest can worsen the symptoms. AS symptoms usually improve with activity. AS can be treated in most cases.
Doctors may also recommend acupuncture. These treatments target trigger points that cause back discomfort. In some cases, acupuncture might trigger the release of endorphins. These treatments do not provide long-term relief and are not recommended. Many people who use them report significant relief from back pain.