If your back is hurting, it is important to see a doctor right away. There are many options for back pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can provide some relief. Physical therapy is another option for treatment. It can help strengthen the muscles supporting your spine and improve your flexibility. It can also prevent future injuries. Massage therapy can also be used to restore function.
While many types of back pain can usually be treated with nonsurgical treatment, some conditions require surgery. Surgical treatment is typically necessary if your back pain is caused by a serious condition, such as spinal stenosis or tumors in the spinal canal. In most cases, however nonsurgical treatments will suffice.
A physical exam will help determine the cause of your back pain. If your pain is accompanied by fever and chills, you may have an infection in the back. People who undergo dialysis, IV drug users, and those with recent skin infections are at a higher risk of developing spinal infections. Bacteria can cause infections of the spine. You should see a doctor immediately if you have any of these symptoms.
Back pain is most commonly caused by injuries to the muscles and discs or the joints of your spine. These injuries can be minor, or result from an impact in sports or a car accident. Your doctor will eventually diagnose the exact cause of pain by performing a series tests. The doctor will then recommend the best treatment plan for you.
Most people experience mild to moderate back discomfort, but severe back problems can cause permanent, debilitating pain. Most doctors classify back pain as either acute or subacute. The first, or acute, category lasts for just a few days. The second type, subacute, lasts a week or two and can range from mild to severe.
Lifestyle changes can also help to reduce the risk of back pain. For example, it is best to avoid sitting in one place for prolonged periods of times. Use a pillow or a rolled-up towel when you are sitting. You can also elevate your feet with a low stool, stack of books, or if you are seated all day. You can also sleep on your side to open your spine and reduce its curvature.
Low back pain may indicate an infection. There are many treatment options depending on the source of the pain. The best treatment is possible with a quick diagnosis. You should seek medical attention if you feel the pain is accompanied or exacerbated by fever, loss strength, or difficulty urinating.
Your doctor may recommend surgery to relieve pain caused by a disc. The choice is between minimally-invasive or more extensive decompression procedures by neurosurgeons. These procedures may include fusing vertebrae together, as well as bone grafts or instrumentation. You may need physical therapy after surgery to help your body heal.
Pain medication is another option for back pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) are a way to reduce back pain and relax tight muscles. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), reduce inflammation without side effects such as cortisone. If you have a slipped disc, your doctor may recommend taking an MRI to diagnose the exact location of the disc.
AS is characterized by inflammation of your sacroiliac joint, which connect your spine and your pelvis. This inflammation can cause pain in your lower back. In severe cases, prolonged sleep can make the symptoms worse. Symptoms of AS usually improve with activity. AS can usually be treated with success in most cases.
Aside from spinal manipulation, doctors may also recommend acupuncture. These treatments target trigger points that cause back discomfort. In some cases, acupuncture might trigger the release of endorphins. However, these treatments only give temporary relief and are not recommended for long-term use. However, many people who use them report significant improvement in their back pain.